ENTRY 16

30,000, Labyrinths, Spirals, and Meanders

title of photo

title of photo

DOUBLE DISK GODDESSES

INTRODUCTORY CITATIONS

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ENTRY NARRATIVE

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ADDITIONAL NOTES FROM "ARAS" DATA RESEARCH INDEX

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FURTHER RESEARCH RECOMMENDATIONS

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BIBLIOGRAPHIC CONCIDERATIONSDATIONS

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ENTRY XX GODDESS SITES AND ARTIFACT IMAGE COLLECTIONS

GSA TEXT REFERENCES

sample Tex

IMAGE: ASPHODEL LONG AT GLASTONBURY TOR: SOMERSET, ENGLAND.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: ASPHODEL LONG AT GLASTONBURY TOR, SOMERSET, ENGLAND. PATHWAY UP GLASTONBURY TOR INCLUDES THREE CONTINUOUS TERRACES = AN ADAPTATION OF THE CRETAN LABYRINTH THAT IS ALSO FOUND AMONG THE HOPI INDIANS OF ARIZONA.

CO_GLA_S2_R4_SL5_S25

SHOT ON LOCATION: GLASTONBURY: SOMERSET, ENGLAND.

NOTE 1: FIELDWORK PROJECT BELTANE 1987.

 

IMAGE: AERIAL VIEW OF GLASTONBURY TOR: SOMERSET, ENGLAND.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: AERIAL VIEW OF THE PATHWAY UP ENGLAND’S GLASTONBURY TOR INCLUDING THREE CONTINUOUS TERRACES = AN ADAPTATION OF THE CRETAN LABYRINTH THAT IS ALSO FOUND AMONG THE HOPI INDIANS OF ARIZONA.

CO_GLA_ S2_R4_SL5_S25A

SHOT ON LOCATION: GLASTONBURY TOR, ENGLAND.

NOTE 1: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1997.

 

IMAGE: DOUBLE AXE, PROTOTYPE FOR THE CEREMONIAL FIGURE EIGHT: MALTA.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: DOUBLE AXE CONJOINED AT APEXES WITH TWO HALF MOON BLADES AS AN OBJECT OF VENERATION – OR - SCHEMATIZED BUTTERFLY WINGS?

CO_MGR_S4_R2_SL4_S11.

SHOT ON LOCATION: HERAKLION MUSEUM: CRETE, GREECE.

NOTE 1: THIS DOUBLE AXE WITH TWO HALF MOONS MAY HAVE BEEN A PROTOTYPE FOR THE CEREMONIAL FIGURE EIGHT AXE OR LABRYS * ALSO FOUND THROUGHOUT THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST.

NOTE 2: * CAMERON SUGGESTS THAT A MORE APPROPRIATE TERM FOR THE DOUBLE AXE/LABRYS IS LABIUM. (SA: 10.)

NOTE 3: TO–SCALE PROTOTYPE.

NOTE 4: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1982-1985.

PHOTO NOTE: BULGARIAN DOUBLE AXE CONJOINED AT APEXES,

http://archaeologymatters2.blogspot.com/2011/07/double-axe-found-in-bugaria.html

 

IMAGE: MONARCH BUTTERFLY, GREECE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: MONARCH BUTTERFLY INTERPRETATIONS INCLUDE: THE LABRYS; LABIA; CHRYSALISES; DOUBLE AXE CONJOINED AT APEXES; AND THE FIGURE 8. (RGS.)

CO_MGR_S4_R2_SL5_S16.

SHOT ON LOCATION: RHODES, GREECE.

NOTE 1: MINOAN – MYCENAEAN BUTTERFLIES ARE FREQUENTLY PORTRAYED WITH DOUBLE AXE WINGS OR CONJOINED TRIANGLES AT THE APEXES. (SEE, MMRS: 195. FIG. 90, #41.)

NOTE 2:

THE TWO – WINGED BUTTERFLY IMAGED BY THE GOLD PENDANTS FROM

THE THIRD SHAFT GRAVE IS PRACTICALLY IDENTICAL WITH THAT ENGRAVED ON WHAT SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN A VOTIVE BRONZE [DOUBLE] AXE, FOUND AT PHAESTOS [M. M. III] WHERE ITS RELIGIOUS IMPORT CAN HARDLY BE DOUBTED (RN: 57; RGS).

NOTE 3:

‘THE BUTTERFLY/DOUBLE – AXE SYMBOL COULD REPRESENT [THE] OPENED LABIA’ (SA: 10, N. 7; RGS). ADDING TO THE BUTTERFLY – LABIA CONSIDERATION, ARCHAEOLOGIST SIR ARTHUR EVANS ‘PUBLISHED A SERIES OF CHRYSALISES, BUTTERFLIES, AND GODDESSES RELATED TO CHRYSALISES OR WITH BUTTERFLY WINGS (RN: 53-71). HE INTERPRETED THE CHRYSALIS AS AN EMBLEM OF NEW LIFE AFTER DEATH’ (GGE: 186-7; RGS). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

 

IMAGE: DOUBLE AXE, PROTOTYPE FOR THE CEREMONIAL FIGURE EIGHT: MALTA.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: DOUBLE AXE CONJOINED AT APEXES: TARXIEN, MALTA.

CO_MAL_S2_R4_SL4_S21.

SHOT ON LOCATION: TARXIEN TEMPLE: MALTA.

NOTE 1: THE DOUBLE AXE MAY HAVE BEEN A PROTOTYPE FOR THE CEREMONIAL FIGURE EIGHT AXE OR LABRYS * FOUND THROUGHOUT THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST.

NOTE 2:

THE LABRYS IS A MANIFESTATION OF INCANTATION RITES AND METAMORPHOSIS OR RE – GENERATIVE RITUALS. INTERPRETATIONS OF THE LABRYS INCLUDE: THE LABIA; BUTTERFLY; CHRYSALISES; DOUBLE AXE CONJOINED AT APEXES; FIGURE 8 (ETERNITY); EARTH’S CENTER; AND THE WAXING AND WANING MOON. SIGNIFICANCE MAY BE A HOMECOMING TO SELF AND MOTHER (OR COSMOCENTRIC MATRIX) THAT SPARKS OR ENHANCES BE-ING AND BE-COMING AS IN RE-CREATION I.E. THELYTOKOUS PARTHENOGENESIS/AUTOPOIESIS (RGS).

NOTE 3: * CAMERON SUGGESTS THAT A MORE APPROPRIATE TERM FOR THE DOUBLE AXE IS LABIUM. (SA: 10.)

NOTE 4: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1980-1989.

 

IMAGE: GODDESS WEARING PENDANT WITH SYMBOL X: PALERMO, SICILY.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: POSSIBLE RITUAL OR CEREMONIAL PENDANT WITH ‘X’ WORN BY A MOTHER GODDESS (POWER BEHIND THE THRONE) WHO NURSES AND BESTOWS LINEAGE.

CU_SIC_S18_R3_SL3_S7

SHOT ON LOCATION: MUSEO ARCHEOLOGICO REGIONALE: PALERMO, SICILY.

NOTE 1:

THE X, WHICH IN OLD CANAANITE ALPHABET IS THE SAME AS, THE LETTER TAW MEANT ‘HOLY FOR THE GODDESS.’ SO WERE CAKES AND BREADS ALSO MARKED THAT WERE DEDICATED TO THE GODDESS (TVG: 188, n. 64) (THINK HOT CROSS BUNS ON EASTER/EOSTRA/PASSOVER (RGS)).

NOTE 2:

CONCERNING THE USE OF THE MARK ’X’ IN THE NEAR EASTERN RELIGIONS, URS WINTER OP. CIT. 301 QUOTES O. KEEL WHO DISCOVERED THE X ON THE FOREHEAD OF CERTAIN NEAR-EASTERN STATUETTES IS A SIGN WHICH IDENTIFIED THE WOMAN AS BELONGING TO THE GODDESS (TVG: 188, n. 64).

NOTE 3: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1998.

 

IMAGE: X TOMB DOOR #32, CASTELLUCCIO, SICILY.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: CASTELLUCCIO TOMB DOOR #32 IN THE X SYMBOL–LETTER OF THE X.

CU_SIC_S18_R3_SL1_S26

SHOT ON LOCATION: MUSEO ARCHEOLOGICO REGIONALE PAOLO ORSI: SYRACUSE, SICILY.

NOTE 1:

THE X, WHICH IN OLD CANAANITE ALPHABET IS THE SAME AS, THE LETTER TAW MEANT ‘HOLY FOR THE GODDESS’ (TVG: 188, n. 64).

NOTE 2:

THE SYMBOL-LETTER ‘V’ IS IN THE ICONIC CHEVRON FAMILY (LOG: 15; GGE: 117) INCLUDING THE DOUBLE V; ‘CHEVRON AND ‘CROSS-BAND’ OR X FORMED BY TWO V’S TOUCHING AT THE APEX’ (LOG: 11); TRIANGLE-SHAPED VOTIVE DOUBLE AXE; AND NEOLITHIC ANTHROPOMORPHIC HOURGLASSES, AMONG OTHERS (LOG: 239-243).

NOTE 3:

SACRED BREAD & CAKES WITH AN ‘X’ ON TOP WERE BAKED TO INANNA. (TAI: 155.) ALSO SEE URS WINTER, OP. CIT. P. 569 CONCERNING REMARKS ON TERRA-COTTA FIGURES WHICH MAY REPRESENT BAKED GOODS WITH THE SIGN OF AN X (TVG: 188, n. 64).

NOTE 4: AN INTERPRETATION OF PAIRED SPIRAL OCULI IS OWL EYES.

NOTE 5: FOR THE FIRST RE-GENESIS DISCUSSION ON THE X AND V, SEE RGS: 70,000, BLOMBOS CAVE X AND V SHAPED ENGRAVINGS.

NOTE 6: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1998.

 

IMAGE: SPIRAL SERPENT: EPHESUS, (ANATOLIA) TURKEY.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: BRONZE SERPENT AS SPIRAL.

CO_TUR_S97_R2_SL2_SBg15

SHOT ON LOCATION: EPHESUS MUSEUM (EFES MUZESI): SELCUK, (ANATOLIA)  TURKEY.

NOTE 1: “[THE SPIRAL MAY] BE THOUGHT OF AS AN ELEMENTARY UNICURSAL LABYRINTH AS THEY HAVE AN INDIRECT PATH LEADING TO A HIDDEN CENTER (MLW: 18: RGS).”

NOTE 2: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1986.

 

IMAGE: LABYRINTHINE WOOD CARVINGS: GORDION, (ANATOLIA) TURKEY.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: WOOD CARVINGS ON TABLE INCLUDING GEOMETRIC DESIGN SIMILAR TO A FOUR DIRECTIONAL LABYRINTH, GORDION, ANATOLIA. ALSO NOTE THE PATTERN OF THE CENTER LABYRINTH SUGGESTS FALLOPIAN TUBES / UTERUS * FREQUENTLY ATTRIBUTED TO HATHOR’S SPIRAL-BOUND HAIR MOTIF.

SLIDE LOCATION TURKEY, SHEET 59, ROW 1, SLEEVE 3, SLIDE #711, 700 BCE.

CO_TUR_S59_R1_SL3_S711

SHOT ON LOCATION: GORDION, (ANATOLIA) TURKEY.

NOTE 1 SEE: * CAMERON’S SYMBOLS OF BIRTH AND DEATH IN THE NEOLITHIC (SBDN.)

NOTE 2: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1986.

 

IMAGE: NAUTILUS SPIRAL SHELL, ENGLAND.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: NAUTILUS SHELL = EQUIANGULAR SPIRAL OF EQUALLY SPACED UNICURSAL LABYRINTH DESIGNS.

SHOT ON LOCATION: ENGLAND.

CO_ENG_S4_R4_SL5_S25.jpg

NOTE 1: KERENYI THEORIZES THAT THE LABYRINTH, SPIRAL, AND MEANDER ARE [UNICURSAL] PATHS OR JOURNEYS IN WHICH ONE RE-TURNS TO THE BEGINNING. (D: 92-96.) (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

NOTE 2: SPIRAL CAN BE COMPARED TO “AN ELEMENTARY UNICURSAL LABYRINTH AS THEY HAVE AN INDIRECT PATH LEADING TO A HIDDEN CENTER.” (MLW: 18.)

NOTE 3: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1986.

ReGenesis

ENCYCLOPEDIA

GSA "Goddess, Sites and Artifacts Collection "  curated by Eahr BA Joan