ReGenesis

ENCYCLOPEDIA

GSA "Goddess, Sites and Artifacts Collection "  curated by Eahr BA Joan 

ENTRY 4

500,000-300,000 BCE Dark Mother Tan-Tan of Morocco

DARK MOTHER TAN TAN 3

VENUS OF LAUSSEL CAVE: DORDOGNE, FRANCE

TAN TAN BACK VIEW

INTRODUCTORY CITATIONS

Decolonizing Ancient Knowledge.

 

Re-Genesis is the first open-access encyclopedia

to liberate post-colonial research

to its rightful 3,000,000 BCE origins

and - liberate female spirituality.

(RGS.)

Tan-Tan.

 

‘Represents the oldest currently known figurine’ [figure]

that predates the Late-Acheulian Berekhat Ram.

(FAA: 411.)

ENTRY NARRATIVE

The dark African Palaeoart figure known as Tan-Tan from Morocco appears to be the earliest of the Afrocentric (dark mother) figures. Surrounding sediments indicate that the timeline is c. 500,000 to 300,000 BCE. In Bednarik’s archaeological report, “A Figurine from the African Acheulian 1,” the Tan-Tan female icon is c. 400,000 BCE * and represents the oldest known figure, therefore predating the Late-Acheulian Berekhat Ram. Even though both Tan-Tan and the Berekhat Ram show evidence of ocher (or ochre), the Tan-Tan figure is the first “known instance of pigment application, although older indirect evidence of such a practice does exist.” (FAA: 411.) In regard to calling the Tan-Tan figure an icon, he says “unmistakable traces of moderating the level of visual ambiguity of the Tan-Tan specimen define it as iconic.” (FAA: 411.)

* (500,000-300,000 BCE.)

 

This intentionally enhanced icon measures around six centimeters and was discovered by German archaeologist, Lutz Fiedler. Location of the find was in a river deposit on north side of the River Dra (or Draa) just south of the township of Tan-Tan. Painted with red ocher (symbolic blood), the figure is made from quartzite and suggests ritual or spiritual importance. As discussed by Francesco d’Errico and April Nowell, archaeological evidence consistently confirms, “Neanderthals produced and used symbolic objects.” (NLBR: 163.) The dating, engravings, location, female attributes, and use of ochre (iron oxide), mirror other African dark mothers or “Venus” (?) * carved statues. Additional examples in Re-Genesis are: the Berekhat Ram followed by Brassempouy; Willendorf; Laussel; Dolni Vestonice and Lespugue. (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135.)

* “Venus”: Medieval Latin Uenus is a de-sacralized/de-sanctified term for goddess or ancestral matrix.

ENTRY 4 GODDESS SITES AND ARTIFACT IMAGE COLLECTIONS

IMAGES:  DARK MOTHER TAN-TAN: TAN-TAN, MOROCCO, 500,000-300,00 BCE.

© GSA. DESCRIPTION: DARK MOTHER TAN-TAN, MOROCCO.

NOTE 1:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

PHOTO NOTE: ILLUSTRATOR, TAMARA THEBERT.

GSA IMAGE REFERENCES

IMAGE:  DARK MOTHER TAN-TAN: TAN-TAN, MOROCCO, 500,000-300,00 BCE.

© GSA. DESCRIPTION: DARK MOTHER TAN-TAN, MOROCCO.

NOTE 1:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

PHOTO NOTE: ILLUSTRATOR, TAMARA THEBERT.

 

IMAGE: BEREKHAT RAM: GOLAN HEIGHTS, ISRAEL, 280,000-250,000 BCE.  

© GSA. DESCRIPTION: BEREKHAT RAM FIGURE FROM GOLAN HEIGHTS: SECOND OLDEST REPRESENTATIONAL ART FIGURE THAT HAS BEEN DISCOVERED.

ON LOCATION: GLOBAL GOLAN HEIGHTS, ORIGINALLY IN THE LEVANT.

NOTE 1: SINCE THE BEREKHAT RAM INCLUDES OCHER (OCHRE) PLUS OTHER AFRICAN DARK MOTHER FIGURE ATTRIBUTES, THE EVIDENCE IS HARD TO IGNORE (RGS). (NLBR: 123-67; BRF: 327-337; FAA: 411.)

NOTE 2:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

PHOTO NOTE: FOR FURTHER BEREKHAT RAM RESEARCH AND IMAGES

RESOURCE: (ARCHAEOLOGY, ARCHITECTURE & ART.)

RESOURCE: (MUSEUM ART RESOURCE.)

 

IMAGE: STONE CIRCLES IN GOLAN HEIGHTS: ORIGINALLY GALILEE.

© GSA. DESCRIPTION: IN 1981-1982, THE BEREKHAT RAM WAS DISCOVERED AT GOLAN HEIGHTS, ORIGINALLY IN THE LEVANT.

CU_BAR_S1_R4_SL2_S17.jpg

CO_BAR_S1_R4_SL2_S17_ILL.

NOTE 1: FIELDWORK PROJECT.

 

IMAGE: MAIDEN WITH HOOD FROM BRASSEMPOUY: LANDES, FRANCE, c. 22,000

BCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: IVORY HEAD OF VIRGIN GODDESS WITH HOOD FROM BRASSEMPOUY, LANDES FRANCE.

CU_NPF_S4_R1_SL3_S3.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION: MUSÉE DES ANTIQUITÉS NATIONALES: SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, FRANCE: OUTSIDE OF PARIS.

NOTE 1:

THIS IS THE OLDEST KNOWN SCULPTURE OF A GODDESS THAT HAS BEEN FOUND TO DATE. (THE GODDESSES OF WILLENDORF, LAUSSEL, LESPUGUE, ARCHIVE FOR RESEARCH FURTHER RESEARCH AND IMAGES: THE DOLNI VESTONICE ARE ENGRAVED) (MG: 9-11).

NOTE 2: NET-LIKE HEADDRESS CONSIDERATIONS ARE A STYLIZED KNOTTED HAIR NET, NETTED SNOOD, OR A NETTED CAP.

 

IMAGE: GODDESS OF WILLENDORF WITH LABYRINTHINE HEADDRESS: AUSTRIA. 30,000- 25,000 BCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: GODDESS OF WILLENDORF (4 1/2 INCHES): ENGRAVED LIMESTONE OR FIRED COMPOSITE WITH TRACES OF OCHRE. ON HER HEAD IS A WOVEN HEADDRESS OR HAIR STYLE, OF PRECISELY CARVED LABYRINTHINE NOTATIONS ‘LAYERED IN SEVEN STRATA.’ (MG: 10.)

CU_NPF_S2_R3_SL5_S15.jpg

ILLUSTRATION/IMAGE OF GODDESS OF WILLENDORF WITH LABYRINTHINE HEADDRESS. HAUTE GARGONNE, FRANCE: MUSÉE DES ANTIQUITÉS NATIONALES. (SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, FRANCE IS JUST OUTSIDE OF PARIS.)

NOTE 1: GIVEN THE MINIATURE SCALE, SHE COULD EASILY FIT IN ONE’S HAND AND SUGGESTS A “PERSONAL, NOT A COMMUNAL, RELIGIOUS ARTIFACT.” (SOTG: 26-27.)

NOTE 2:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

NOTE 3: FIELDWORK 1982-1989.

 

IMAGE: GODDESS OF LAUSSEL CAVE: DORDOGNE, FRANCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: GODDESS OF LAUSSEL CARVED INTO A LIMESTONE SLAB ON A LOW RELIEF IN THE LAUSSEL CAVE IN THE DORDOGNE. (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

CU_NPF_S1_R2_SL4_S9.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION OF ORIGINAL AT THE MUSÉE D'AQUITAINE: BORDEAUX, FRANCE.

NOTE 1: TO–SCALE PROTOTYPE FROM METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART IN NEW YORK AS PHOTOGRAPHIC PERMISSION DENIED AT MUSÉE D'AQUITAINE, BORDEAUX, FRANCE IN NOVEMBER, 1981.

NOTE 2:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

NOTE 3: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1981.

 

IMAGE: GODDESS OF LAUSSEL CAVE WITH HORN: DORDOGNE, FRANCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION OF GODDESS OF LAUSSEL. IN HER RIGHT HAND, SHE HOLDS A BISON/BULL HORN OR CRESCENT SHAPED MOON THAT IS ENGRAVED OR INCISED WITH THIRTEEN DOWNWARD STROKES (RGS).

BCE.  

CU_NPF_S1_R2_SL5_S10.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION OF ORIGINAL AT THE MUSÉE D'AQUITAINE: BORDEAUX, FRANCE.

NOTE 1: TO–SCALE PROTOTYPE FROM METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART IN NEW YORK AS PHOTOGRAPHIC PERMISSION DENIED AT MUSÉE D'AQUITAINE, BORDEAUX, FRANCE IN NOVEMBER, 1981.

NOTE 2:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (EKP: 89-135). (RGS.)

NOTE 3: FIELDWORK PROJECT 2002.

 

IMAGE: ANIMAL FRIEZE INCLUDING BISON: LE ROC DE SERS, FRANCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: FRIEZE OF ANIMALS FROM LE ROC DE SERS, CHARENTE, FRANCE, SOLUTREAN PERIOD.

CO_FRA_S4_R2_SL4_S7.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION: MUSÉE DES ANTIQUITÉS NATIONALES: SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, FRANCE, JUST OUTSIDE OF PARIS.

NOTE 1:

A SOLUTREAN AGE MAMMOTH-HUNTING EXAMPLE IS ILLUSTRATED IN THIS LE ROC DE SERS FRIEZE DISCOVERED IN A CLIFF ROCK SHELTER NEAR ANGOULÊME VILLAGE, FRANCE. THE ENGRAVINGS INCLUDE HORSES, BEAR, A BOAR, A BISON AND TWO BUTTING IBEXES (RGS).

 

IMAGE: DOLNI VESTONICE: MORAVIA, CZECH REPUBLIC, 24,000 BCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. IMAGE: DOLNI VESTONICE.

CU_NPF_S5_R4_SL2_S35.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION: MORAVIA, SOUTH OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC: DOLNI VESTONICE MUSEUM, CZECHOSLOVAKIA.

NOTE 1: TO–SCALE PROTOTYPE.

NOTE 2: ALSO SEE DOLNI VESTONICE CZECH REPUBLIC IN GOOGLE IMAGES.

NOTE 3

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE (EKP: 89-135) (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

NOTE 4: FIELDWORK PROJECT.

PHOTO NOTE: FOR FURTHER DOLNI VESTONICE (CZECH REPUBLIC) RESEARCH

AND IMAGES:

RESOURCE: (MUSEUM ART RESOURCE.)

RESOURCE: (BRITISH MUSEUM: LONDON, ENGLAND.)

RESOURCE: (ARCHAEOLOGY, ARCHITECTURE & ART.)

 

IMAGE: GODDESS OF LESPUGUE: LESPUGUE CAVE, FRANCE.

PHOTO: © GSA. DESCRIPTION: STEATOPYGOUS IVORY NUDE GODDESS OF LESPUGUE.

CU_NPF_ S1_R3_SL4_S14.jpg

SHOT ON LOCATION: MUSÉE DES ANTIQUITÉS NATIONALES: SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, FRANCE, JUST OUTSIDE OF PARIS.

NOTE 1:

SELECTED EXAMPLES OF AFRICAN DARK MOTHERS DISCUSSED IN RE-GENESIS ARE: TAN-TAN; THE BEREKHAT RAM; BRASSEMPOUY; WILLENDORF; LAUSSEL; DOLNI VESTONICE AND LESPUGUE. (WKP: 11-26-05; EKP: 89-135). (SOURCE: ENTRY ABOVE.)

NOTE 2: FIELDWORK PROJECT 1985-1989